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Rhetoric by Aristotle

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Match each word in the left column with its synonym on the right. When finished, click Answer to see the results. Good luck!

 
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Thursday, August 28, 2014

WordQuest: Brief Introductions to 30 Figures of Speech

When you write a sentence using your WordQuest word figuratively, you need to use a figure of speech. You already know the names of some of the figures, such as metaphor, simile, personification and irony, but knowing their names is not enough. You need to be able to use them in your writing, and recognize them in others' writing, and you need to know and use many more.

You also need to know what your word actually means, not just what the dictionary says about it. You need to understand your word, not just parrot the words of the definition you read. So look it up in several dictionaries. How many? As many as it takes to fully understand your word so that you can define it in your own words easily. Or, you could ask educated people, such as your other teachers, for their definitions of the word. How many? You know how many.

TAKE CONTROL OF YOUR OWN EDUCATION. MAKE YOURSELF POWERFUL.

The following article is from About.com, which has lots of good material on figurative language for you to use.




"Of the hundreds of figures of speech, many have similar or overlapping meanings. Here we offer simple definitions and examples of 30 common figures, drawing some basic distinctions between related terms.

What's the difference between a metaphor and a simile?
Both metaphors and similes express comparisons between two things that aren't obviously alike. In a simile, the comparison is stated explicitly with the help of a word such as like or as: "My love is like a red, red rose / That's newly sprung in June." In a metaphor, the two things are linked or equated without using like or as: "Love is a rose but you better not pick it.

What's the difference between metaphor and metonymy?
Put simply, metaphors make comparisons while metonyms make associations or substitutions. The place name "Hollywood," for example, has become a metonym for the American film industry (and all the glitz and greed that go with it).
Also see: Synecdoche.

What's the difference between metaphor and personification?
Personification is a particular type of metaphor that assigns the characteristics of a person to something non-human, as in this observation from Douglas Adams: "He turned on the wipers again, but they still refused to feel that the exercise was worthwhile, and scraped and squeaked in protest."
Also see: What Is Personification?

What's the difference between personification and apostrophe?
A rhetorical apostrophe not only animates something absent or non-living (as in personification) but also addresses it directly. For instance, in Johnny Mercer's song "Moon River," the river is apostrophized: "Wherever you're going, I'm going your way."
Also see: Personification in Jonathan Lethem's Motherless Brooklyn.

Click below for many more comparisons and definitions. Use one of these figures or any other when you write your WordQuest figurative sentence.

Brief Introductions to 30 Figures of Speech - Figurative Language Q & A - From About.com

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